Bio-diversity and Tourism and is interrelated to each other, and there is no denying of the fact that tourism development is directly related to healthy ecosystems.
Before getting into Tourism and Biodiversity, it is crucial to know what is tourism and Bio-diversity.
Bio-diversity is the diversity among living organisms, including marine, terrestrial, and other aquatic ecosystems.
Living organisms on the earth are complex, dynamic, and varies according to the earthly or the marine ecosystems.
It includes al the ecosystems, whether it is managed or unmanaged. The distributed system includes plantations, croplands, farms, rangelands where the unmanaged ecosystems include, wildlands, nature preserves or national parks.
Whether as tourism is the most effective way to grow the economy of the regional sector.
Modern tourists are always in search of adventures and new destinations. This compelling interest of tourists is critical for socio-economic progress.
Many of the hotels and resorts are bending with the bio-diversity for financial success. Some of the most excellent examples are the hotels in Indonesia, Thailand, and Sri Lanka.
The main attraction of these hotels begins with the panoramic view of the beach, natural steam bath, trip to the nearest jungle, and even more.
Not only the tourism sectors but also the hospitality sectors also strongly depend on healthy ecosystems.
Fantastic landscape, wildlife habits, adventures, natural attraction is what modern tourist seeks in their first place.
Tourists in the Mediterranean, Caribbean, and Southeast Asia depend on the recreational opportunities created by their coastal environment.
Whereas in Africa, tourism relies on wildlife safaris, which is the primary source of income for the county.
Even in the city areas, tourism depends on the supply of food, clean water, and other ecosystem services that comes from the bio-diversity of the ecosystem.
Most of the time, tourists are attracted to the quality of the ecosystem rather than the mammoth development of the hotel. We can say bio-diversity is the heart of nature-based tourism.
Tourism is the fastest growing industry in the world. Tourism has the power of building a strong economy and communities.
But if the tourists are more significant in number than the capacity of the destination, then the negative impact be seen quickly.
The depletion of natural resources is one of them. Water is the primary concern here and is overused and polluted.
On the other end, there is a pressure of the land resources like fossils fuels, mineral, wetlands, and fertile soils.
More hotels and resorts result in occupancy in the habitat of the wildlife, which directly affects their natural environment.
Pollution and natural drainage are also significant problems created by tourism sectors.
We know, bio-diversity has contributed a lot to the tourism sector, but the however tourism industry has given less than few in enhancing ecosystems.
Bio-diversity is continuously under pressure worldwide, and some of the species are in the blink of extinction.
There are severe losses as more land is used by humans to develop hotels and resorts, and the number is rising.
Due to this, there are losses of ecosystems in mountain and coastal areas. This resulted in the damaging of the natural coastal defenses, damaged mountain areas, including soil and vegetation making them danger from flood and soil erosion.
One of the examples can be taken from coral reefs, which are damages due to heavily used scuba diving sites.
Another great example is the world's tallest mountain Mount Everest. Each year tons of garbage, dead human bodies, waste piled up and froze on the site of the mountain.
When ecosystem and economic incentives are balanced perfectly for nature conservation, it will create awareness, sustainability, and conserves biodiversity.
The rainforest of the Pacific Region and Asia regions together occupies for about one-fifth of the world's forest, and these support economic development and contribute lots to tourism sectors.
Making an ecosystem -balance, biodiversity, and conserving forest resources is essential for the utilization of natural remedies for improving tourist destinations.
They can enjoy wildlife, search for a new adventure, or take a safari of the jungle on an elephant. For this, the conservation of biodiversity is must needed.
For this, the collaborative actions and low and green development are must be required. This is where eco-tourism that comes in handy.
Eco-Tourism plays a significant role when it comes to raising awareness of the sustainability of the forest and its development.
It will help people to incentive and conserve forests while teaching the importance of bio-diversity on the tourist.
Not only the tourist but the local people can have benefited from its as well. With this, we can expect the exchange of knowledge and information from the stakeholders working on the conservation of biodiversity and actions on eco-tourism and conservation of biodiversity.
There are many tourists sector out there, taking action on reducing the impacts on biodiversity.
An instance example, lots of business have raised funds for supporting conservation projects globally, that approaches tourists to participate in the conservation organization.
This will be an excellent aid for reducing waste materials and improving the waste management process, managing in the tourist activities that might hamper the ecosystem.
The Tour Operators' Initiative For Sustainable Tourism Development with the association with UNESCO, UNEP, UNWTO, and other various NGOs has already taken action.
It provides guidance on managing tourists in sensitive areas, which includes places like a mountain, desert, and the marine environment.
Secretariat's tourism activities offer bridges between various thematic programs to ultimately facilitate the implementation of the Convention.
This type of program mainly includes the conservation of ecosystems in places like forests, marine, island, and the coastal region.
Besides, other tourist businesses have forwarded the step of establishing commercial supports for conserving the ecosystem.
Also, a great example is that many of this business organize commercial game and conservation reserves that have been found in southern Africa.