Health and Safety Concerns while Trekking in Nepal
Trekking is usually a memorable and lifetime experience. If you are trekking in Nepal, you will enjoy the majestic views of mountains and rivers and learn something about local culture. It is fun, isn’t it? But have you thought about it that you also need to be extremely careful? If you are not careful enough, there might be a disaster.
However, it doesn’t mean you need to stop trekking. It means you need to be careful and consider various things. If you are planning to trek in Nepal, here are Health and Safety for Trekking in Nepal.
1. Immediate action for any health problem
Health should be amongst your primary concerns when you are trekking in Nepal or any other place in the world. You can try another time if you don’t succeed this time, but life doesn’t give you the next try. If you find anything wrong in your health condition, take action immediately.
Nausea, tiredness, dizziness, swelling, and shortness of breath can be causes of Altitude Sickness. If the condition worsens, it might lead to HACE or HAPE, which can lead you to a coma. It should never be taken lightly. Anyone who can feel the above symptoms should descend right then and there.
To prevent any of these, take breaks from time to time to let your body acclimatize at higher altitudes.
2. Checking the weather condition
Weather condition is another factor that should be considered while trekking in any known or unknown lands. Pushing yourself through unfavorable weather is never a good idea, and you know it.
If the weather starts to get worse, seek shelter. If there are no shelter options nearby, make yourself warm, and don’t let your body get wet or try to walk in the snow. Snow and rain make the trail slippery, and if you decide to walk through the path even in those conditions, you know what might happen.
To avoid being in such a dangerous situation, get updates from local weather forecasts or local people.
3. Companion or Guide
Source: Mountain Mart Treks
Having a companion is sure to make your trek a lot easier and fun, as well. Whether you are with a friend or not, a guide is always helpful. They know a lot about the path and dangerous situation. They might not know all, but they have some ideas.
Trekking alone to conqueror high peaks and mountains sure is glorious. But, trekking is not about being that. It’s about having some safe adventure and enjoying what that place has to offer.
Besides that, you might be out of your supplies on the way, and there might not be any settlements nearby, the only person who could help you at such times is your friend whom you brought alone. So, always consider a friend and a guide.
4. Understanding the Land Structure
Source: Nepal Lion Tours and Treks
Most of the trekking routes in Nepal are on the edge of the cliffs. Some are slippery, some are in danger of landslide, and some might have vertical steep upward or downward. If you are not informed about the land structure, it might lead to unintentional accidents.
So, it is essential to know about the terrain of your trekking route. Have some knowledge about the path you are taking and let someone know that. The odds are nobody will look for you when they don’t see what you are missing.
To gather some knowledge about the trails, take a map, guide, or seek help from the locals.
5. Dress for the Condition
You already know that you need to dress up and take spare clothes with you when you are trekking. But, keep in mind that it might not be enough to keep you warm. As from the report, the temperature in Everest Base Camp can reach -10 degrees, which is freezing. And, the wind breeze makes it even worse.
The excessive cold might lead to frostbite, and it is not pleasant to see fingers getting detached from hand or legs. So, take temperature into account and receive the best measure you can. Be prepared and carry hats and rain kits as well.
You can seek help from a guide, trekking agency, or locals for your clothing.
The shelter is one of the most important factors to consider in your trekking. You get a common cold if you stay outside your house for a few hours. Now, think about what happens if you are without shelter in -10 degrees.
Your best option is to get yourself cozy in a homestay where the locals take care of everything for you. But, a tent and sleeping bag is also a lifesaver in these situations.
Always be ready to answer, where will you be taking your shelter? If you are not prepared, slight snowfall might be your nightmare, but if you are prepared, even the worst blizzard is scenery for you.
7. Change the Schedule if Necessary
Source: New Atlas
If I were to ask you what is more important to you, the next four days or the rest of your life after four days, what would you choose? It’s the one after four days. Similarly, don’t force yourself to complete the trek if anything abnormal is seen in your trek. Trying to save some days might cost something even more.
Be it because of weather or path difficulty or any other factor. Your safety is your priority. Nothing good comes out if you force yourself to complete the trek.
You will never be able to enjoy the trek, and hasty walking might lead to misfortunes. So, trek with the mindset that you might have to change your original schedule and extend your journey.
8. Careful walk on Each Step
As discussed before, the trekking trails of Nepal are mostly on the edge of cliffs. And, you know that it’s dangerous. You need to be careful at every step. If you stroll, you will reach your destination, but there is no certainty if you are hasty and reckless.
Besides these, you will encounter several mules and yaks passing by. And, you always need to stay on the mountainside while waiting for them to pass. They carry loads, and if it touches you when you are on edge, then you know it. So, always be careful as you take a step.
9. Emergency Food and Water
Source: Rei Co-op
This is another essential factor that will save your life while trekking. You will not know when you will be hungry or thirsty. If you are stuck in a blizzard, you will need something to eat and water to drink. So, always consider carrying emergency food and drink.
The water bottle is always beautiful as long as you keep the empty bottle in your bag pack. Besides that, your best option is to carry an empty bottle and Iodine Tablets.
It will reduce your carrying weight and can purify the water for yourself. As for the food, high-calorie, high-carbohydrate, and protein snacks are recommended.
10. Necessary Items
Besides all the items mentioned above, you will need some extra things as well. Don’t forget to bring a first aid along, especially if you are alone. You might get hurt sometimes, there is no certainty, but if you do get hurt. You will need it.
Although trekking may sound cold, you will receive a lot of sunlight. So, to protect yourself from the sun, pack some sunscreen, a hat and sunglass. More importantly, you need to keep your eyes on the trail, so always carry torchlight and of course, spare batteries. Furthermore, you should also bring a hand sanitizer or disinfection gel.